Volume 198, Issue 3 p. 388-396
Original Paper

MAP kinase activation and apoptosis in lung tissues from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Koichiro Yoshida

Koichiro Yoshida

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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Kazuyoshi Kuwano

Corresponding Author

Kazuyoshi Kuwano

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

MD, Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.Search for more papers by this author
Naoki Hagimoto

Naoki Hagimoto

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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Kentaro Watanabe

Kentaro Watanabe

Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka, Japan

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Tokuji Matsuba

Tokuji Matsuba

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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Masaki Fujita

Masaki Fujita

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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Ichiro Inoshima

Ichiro Inoshima

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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Nobuyuki Hara

Nobuyuki Hara

Research Institute for Diseases of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan

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First published: 26 July 2002
Citations: 117

Abstract

Three major MAP kinases (MAPKs), including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 kinase (p38 MAPK), are involved in the regulation of lung inflammation and injury. This study investigated whether MAPKs are activated and associated with lung injury in lung tissues from patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The expression of the active ERK, JNK, and p38 MAPK was examined using western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry and apoptosis was also examined by the TUNEL method, in lung tissues from ten patients with IPF obtained by thoracoscopic biopsy and in eight normal lung parenchyma specimens obtained by lobectomy for lung cancer. Activated MAPKs are significantly increased in lung homogenates from patients with IPF compared with controls. Activated ERK in epithelial and endothelial cells, but not in fibroblasts or smooth muscle cells, was decreased, accompanied by the progression of fibrosis. Activated JNK in epithelial and endothelial cells, but not in fibroblasts, was increased, accompanied by the progression of fibrosis. Activated p38 MAPK in epithelial, endothelial, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts was increased at the intermediate stage of fibrosis, in which the TUNEL-positive cells were predominantly detected. This is the first study to suggest that MAPKs may be associated with the regulation of inflammation and lung injury in IPF. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.